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报告:卡斯特罗说古巴模式行不通

哈瓦那——菲德尔·卡斯特罗告诉来访的美国新闻记者说,古巴的共产主义经济模式行不通,这是从一个四年前明显避开地方问题的人口中出来的就国内事务的罕有评论。

事实上这个资金紧绌的加勒比海岛屿上事情没有有成效的开展几乎不是什么新闻。菲德尔的兄弟劳尔,国家总统,也反复说了同样的事情。但是,这位古巴1959年革命之父直言不讳的评估肯定会引人侧目。

杰弗里·戈德伯格,大西洋杂志的一名国家通讯员,问是否古巴的经济体制仍然价值出口到其他国家,卡斯特罗回答说:“古巴的模式甚至不再对我们适用了”戈德伯格星期三在他的大西洋博客帖子中写道。

他说卡斯特罗在午餐时在有关中东的长谈后,偶然地作出了这个评论,并没有详细说明。古巴政府并没有对戈德伯格的叙述立即发表评论。

自从2006年卸任,前总统几乎完全集中在国际事务上,并对古巴和它的政治谈得很少,也许是为了限制他触犯兄弟职权的感知。

戈德伯格,上周在卡斯特罗的邀请下前往古巴,讨论一篇他最近就伊朗的核计划写的一篇大西洋文章,并在星期二报道说卡斯特罗质疑了他在1962年古巴导弹危机时自己的所作所为,包括他建议苏联领导人对美国使用核武器。

 甚至在苏联解体之后,古巴还坚持其共产主义制度。

国家控制了超过百分之九十的经济,给工人每月大约20美元的薪金作为免费医疗和教育,以及几乎免费的交通和住房。

至少每个市民的部分食物需求通过配给供应手册以高补贴价格卖给他们。

总统劳尔·卡斯特罗等人建立了一系列有限的经济改革,并警告古巴人,他们需要开始更加努力以及从更少指望政府。 但总统也明确表示,他不想从古巴的社会主义制度分离开来或投入资本主义的怀抱。

菲德尔·卡斯特罗因为几乎使他致死的严重疾病,在2006年7月暂时下台。

他两年后永久地辞职,但仍是共产党的领袖。 在几乎从聚光灯中完全脱离四年之后,他在7月重新出现并且现在经常谈论国际事务。他已经警告了好几个星期对伊朗发动核战争的威胁。

卡斯特罗与戈德伯格的采访是自从他离职以来,唯一一个和美国新闻记者的访问。


 
Report: Castro says Cuban model doesnt work

HAVANA – Fidel Castro  told a visiting American journalist that Cuba's communist economic model doesn't work, a rare comment on domestic affairs from a man who has conspicuously steered clear of local issues since stepping down four years ago.

The fact that things are not working efficiently on this cash-strapped Caribbean island is hardly news. Fidel's brother Raul, the country's president, has said the same thing repeatedly. But the blunt assessment by the father of Cuba's 1959 revolution is sure to raise eyebrows.

Jeffrey Goldberg, a national correspondent for The Atlantic magazine, asked if Cuba's economic system was still worth exporting to other countries, and Castro replied: "The Cuban model doesn't even work for us anymore" Goldberg wrote Wednesday in a post on his Atlantic blog.

He said Castro made the comment casually over lunch following a long talk about the Middle East, and did not elaborate. The Cuban government had no immediate comment on Goldberg's account.

Since stepping down from power in 2006, the ex-president has focused almost entirely on international affairs and said very little about Cuba and its politics, perhaps to limit the perception he is stepping on his brother's toes.

Goldberg, who traveled to Cuba at Castro's invitation last week to discuss a recent Atlantic article he wrote about Iran's nuclear program, also reported on Tuesday that Castro questioned his own actions during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, including his recommendation to Soviet leaders that they use nuclear weapons against the United States.

Even after the fall of the Soviet Union, Cuba has clung to its communist system.

The state controls well over 90 percent of the economy, paying workers salaries of about $20 a month in return for free health care and education, and nearly free transportation and housing. At least a portion of every citizen's food needs are sold to them through ration books at heavily subsidized prices.

President Raul Castro and others have instituted a series of limited economic reforms, and have warned Cubans that they need to start working harder and expecting less from the government. But the president has also made it clear he has no desire to depart from Cuba's socialist system or embrace capitalism.

Fidel Castro stepped down temporarily in July 2006 due to a serious illness that nearly killed him.

He resigned permanently two years later, but remains head of the Communist Party. After staying almost entirely out of the spotlight for four years, he re-emerged in July and now speaks frequently about international affairs. He has been warning for weeks of the threat of a nuclear war over Iran.

Castro's interview with Goldberg is the only one he has given to an American journalist since he left office.


 

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