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洪水使数以万计的人无家可归

比亚埃尔莫萨,墨西哥——数周的暴雨在墨西哥南部大片地区引发洪水,数以万计的人被迫离开家园。

更多成千上万的人睡在他们的屋顶上,甚至当他们周围的河流迅速上升,也拒绝遗弃他们的财务。

当局星期二开始从该地区已达到容量的四个水坝每秒释放2,000立方米( 71,000立方英尺)的水。这造成一些河流泛滥。

伊波利托·埃尔南德斯把他许多的财物迅速地拖曳到他的房顶上,当里约卡里萨尔河水泛滥流过两岸,淹没墨西哥湾沿岸地区塔瓦斯科州,Sauces农业村庄的数十个家庭。

埃尔南德斯,38岁,把他的一些财产给了去庇护所的亲戚但他留在原地。2007年,当水灾时他离开家,失去了一切,水灾使100万家庭困在水中,致33人死亡。

“我们在等着看会发生什么,我们仍能经受这水灾。”埃尔南德斯说。

这次洪水已影响到墨西哥南部的所有四个州:塔瓦斯科州、维拉克鲁斯州、恰帕斯州以及瓦哈卡州。该地区中的人们习惯于每年严重的洪水,政府经常努力说服居民离开危险地区。

在塔瓦斯科州,超过124,000人的家园被严重淹没。属于2万人的超过18万7千公顷的农作物被毁。

但该州仅有2,000人在庇护所内。

“他们拒绝离开自己的家园,他们不愿意去庇护所,因为他们有与水生活的文化。”塔瓦斯科州州长 安德烈·格拉涅尔在与总统费利佩·卡尔德的一次会面时说,后者在星期二飞往受灾地区,并步行穿过一些淹没的城镇。

格拉涅尔告知卡尔德,这情形可能变得比2007年的更糟,因为预计有创纪录的降雨。

“我担心的是,对塔瓦斯科州,最坏的还在后面呢。”格拉涅尔说。“该州以及这些人们不能继续每年都遭受这些问题,或生活在永久的不确定性中。”

先前,当局说该地区的降雨量比通常这个季节——直到11月才正式结束的降水多两倍。

政府在过去几年已建造救灾沟渠和其它基础设施以纾缓每年在墨西哥南部的洪水。 卡尔德承认更多的工作需要做,但表示如果没有政府的预发消息洪灾将更加糟糕。

他指出由水泥和泥土建造的应急防洪堤坝竖立在格里哈尔瓦河上,已经迅速隆起,有淹没该州首府比亚埃尔莫萨的威胁。然而一些边远地区严重被淹没。

在邻近的维拉克鲁斯州,洪水在过去几周已迫使20万人离开他们的家园,虽然一些人已开始返回。

“当水到我们腰时,他们开始疏散我们,但水已经打破了我们房屋的所有门。”安泽利卡·马丁内斯·加林多,一个3岁女孩的母亲,不得不逃离在维拉克鲁斯州的殖民地城镇特拉科塔潘,它被联合国教科文组织列为世界文化遗产。

她说至少有20个人留在她的住宅区,试图挽救财产。

克莱拉·路兹·蒙塔尔沃说她拒绝离开她在El Juchil的家她82岁的母亲不想离开。当他们终于被迫逃离时,他们几乎被洪水冲走,不得不由在船上的海军陆战队救出。

“形势十分严重。我的母亲几乎走不动,而我还有个残疾的妹妹。如果不是因为政府,因为海军陆战队,我真不知道我该怎么办。”蒙塔尔沃说,在维拉克鲁斯市的一个庇护所的领食物的队等待轮到自己。


 
Floods leave tens of thousands homeless in Mexico

VILLAHERMOSA, Mexico – Weeks of torrential rains have unleashed flooding in huge swaths of southern Mexico, forcing tens of thousands of people from their homes.

Tens of thousands more are sleeping on their roofs, refusing to abandon their possessions even as the rivers around them rise rapidly.

Authorities on Tuesday started releasing 2,000 cubic meters (71,000 cubic feet) of water per second from four damns in the region that have reached capacity. That caused several rivers to overflow.

Hipolito Hernandez swiftly hauled many of his belongings onto his roof as the Rio Carrizal jumped its banks and flooded dozens of home in the farming community of Sauces in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco.

Hernandez, 38, gave some of his possessions to relatives who went to shelters but he stayed put. In 2007, he lost everything when he left his home during flooding that left 1 million homes underwater and killed 33 people.

"We are waiting to see what happens, we can still withstand this flood," Hernandez said

The flooding has affected all four southernmost Mexican states: Tabasco, Veracruz, Chiapas and Oaxaca. People in the region are accustomed to severe flooding every year, and the government often struggles to persuade residents to leave dangerous zones.

In Tabasco, the homes of more than 124,000 people have been severely flooded. More than 187,000 hectares of crops belonging to 20,000 people have been lost.

But only 2,000 people in the state are in shelters.

"They are refusing to leave their homes and they don't want to go to shelters because they have a culture of living with water," Tabasco Gov. Andres Granier said during a meeting with President Felipe Calderon, who flew over the affected areas Tuesday and walked through some flooded towns.

Granier warned Calderon the situation could become even worse than in 2007 as record rainfall is expected.

"What worries me is that the worst is yet to come for Tabasco," Granier said. "The state and these people cannot keep suffering these problems each year, or live in permanent uncertainty."

Already, authorities said the region has received twice the amount of rainfall that normally falls during the season, which does not officially end until November.

The government has built relief ditches and other infrastructure in the past years to ease the annual flooding in southern Mexico. Calderon acknowledged more needs to be done, but said the flooding would be much worse this year without the government's advances.

He pointed to emergency levees made of concrete and dirt erected on the banks of the Grijalva, which has swelled rapidly and threatens to flood the state capital, Villahermosa. A few outlying neighborhoods were severely flooded, however.

In neighboring Veracruz state, flooding has forced 200,000 people from their homes over the past weeks, although some have started returning.

"They evacuated us when the water was up to our waists, but the water had already broke all the doors of our house," said Angelica Martinez Galindo, the mother of a 3-year-old girl who had to flee Tlacotalpan, a colonial town in Veracruz state that UNESCO named a World Heritage site.

She said at least 20 men stayed behind in her neighborhood to try to salvage possessions.

Clara Luz Montalvo said she resisted leaving her home in El Juchil because her 82-year-old mother didn't want to move. When they finally were forced to flee, they were nearly swept away by floodwaters and had to be rescued by marines on a boat.

"It was a very serious situation. My mother can hardly walk and I have a sister who is disabled. I don't know what I would have done if it hadn't been for the government, the marines," said Montalvo, waiting her turn at a food line at a shelter in Veracruz city.


 

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