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墨西哥最高法院支持同性恋领养

墨西哥城——墨西哥最高法院周一表决,支持墨西哥城法律允许同性恋夫妻领养子女,引起同性恋倡议团体欢呼雀跃和罗马天主教教会代表的愤怒抗议。

9个法官投支持票,2个投反对票,支持者反对由联邦检察官和其他认为法律不能保护领养儿童而受到可能的不良影响或歧视的侵害,或不能保证和传统家庭一样享受权利的人提出的质疑。

“今天,制度化的对同性恋的憎恶感已经被抛弃。”杰米·洛佩斯·贝拉,女同性恋、双性恋、男同性恋、变性和变性人议程小组的领导人说。“我们很高兴,因为现在我们和其他任何已婚夫妇拥有同样的权利和义务。”

周一的决策紧随早些时候最高法院裁决的墨西哥城举行的同性婚姻符合宪法并且其他墨西哥各州必须尊重他们。

墨西哥城突破性的同性婚姻法在3月颁布,扩充了已婚同性伴侣领养儿童、共同申请银行贷款、继承财富和他们的配偶保险政策所涵盖的权利。

在法院外,几十个同性恋权利积极分子在欢呼中爆发,高呼“我们赢了!”,而同样数量的墨西哥城法律反对者则高喊“男人加女人才等于婚姻。”和“爸爸,妈妈,这次是孩子们所需要的!”
投大多数票的法官认为,一旦同性婚姻得到批准,认为那些同性夫妇父母职责的能力不及非异性恋夫妻将是歧视。

法官阿图罗·萨尔迪瓦尔说,“没有可靠的证据证明,性倾向决定,由本身”任何其他类型的行为,他补充说“家长的喜好并不决定(孩子的)性取向...这是一种歧视性的论据。”

但是教会代表强烈反对此裁决。

神父雨果·瓦尔德玛,墨西哥大主教堂发言人,其表示,法院“对待孩子犹如他们是宠物,谁想要孩子就被谁领养,并侵犯他们的权利。”

阿尔曼多·马丁内斯,天主教律师协会负责人说,他的小组要求弹劾那些投票支持墨西哥城法律的法官,他接着说“法官不是上帝。他们犯了很多错。”

339对同性恋伴侣已经根据法律结婚,但时政官员说,这些夫妇目前还没有申请领养子女。

洛佩斯·贝拉和他的小组预计下个星期提交第一份这样的申请,代表一队女同性恋伴侣。

在墨西哥已经很艰难的领养过程——它通常包括多年的繁琐手续,这里的孤儿通常无论如何由一个亲戚领养——使得同性收养没有血缘关系的孩子不会有很多。

比方说,洛佩斯·贝拉说第一次申请会涉及由女孩的亲生母亲的同性伴侣领养。

支持大多数的法官强调说潜在的养父母,同性恋的还是异性恋的,作为领养过程的一部分,需要检查是否合适。

“不是性倾向决定一个人是否有无资格领养的问题。”法官玛格利特·卢娜说。

罗马天主教教会激烈反对法律,周一法院一致投票谴责红衣主教胡安·桑多瓦尔,瓜达拉哈拉总教主的评论,他在周末提出,法官可能已经由墨西哥城政府收买去支持这个法律。

墨西哥城的法律颁布时,是拉丁美洲首个这种类型的法律。

阿根廷在7月当总统克里斯蒂娜·费尔南德斯签署法案,宣布结婚的同性伴侣同异性夫妇享有相同的法律权利和义务,包括收养子女和共同收养儿女的权利时,成为该地区第一个允许同性结婚的国家。


 
Mexico supreme court upholds gay adoptions

MEXICO CITY – Mexico's Supreme Court voted Monday to uphold a Mexico City law  allowing adoptions by same-sex couples, drawing jubilant cheers from gay advocacy groups and angry protests from Roman Catholic Church representatives.

The justices voted 9-2 against challenges presented by federal prosecutors and others who had argued the law fails to protect adoptive children against possible ill effects or discrimination, or to guarantee their right to a traditional family.

"Today, institutionalized homophobia has been buried," said Jaime Lopez Vela, a leader of the group Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Transsexual and Transgender Agenda. "We are happy, because now we have the same rights and responsibilities of any other married couple."

Monday's decision followed earlier Supreme Court rulings that same-sex marriages performed in Mexico City are constitutional and that other Mexican states must respect them.

Mexico City's groundbreaking same-sex marriage law, enacted in March, extends to wedded gay couples the right to adopt children, to jointly apply for bank loans, to inherit wealth and to be covered by their spouses' insurance policies.

Outside the court building, dozens of gay-rights activists erupted in cheers and chanted "Now we've won!", while a similar number of opponents of the Mexico City law chanted "Man plus woman equals marriage," and "Father, Mother, that's what children need!"

Justices voting with the majority argued that once same-sex marriages had been approved, it would be discriminatory to consider those couples less capable of parental duties than heterosexual couples.

"There is no reliable evidence that sexual orientation determines, by itself" any other type of behavior, said Justice Arturo Saldivar, adding "the preferences of the parents do not determine (a child's) sexual orientation ... that is a discriminatory argument."

But church representatives strongly opposed the ruling.

Father Hugo Valdemar, the spokesman for the Archdiocese of Mexico, said the court had "treated children as if they were pets, to be adopted by whoever wants one, and that violates their rights."

Armando Martinez, the leader of the Catholic Lawyers' Association, said his group will ask for the impeachment of the justices who voted to uphold the Mexico City law, adding "the justices are not God. They make a lot of mistakes."

Three hundred and thirty-nine gay and lesbian couples have married under the law, but city officials say none of those couples have yet applied to adopt children.

Lopez Vela said his group expects to present the first such application next week, on behalf a lesbian couple.

But the already difficult process of adoption in Mexico — it usually involves years of red tape, and orphans here are usually adopted by a relative anyway — make it unlikely that same-sex adoptions of unrelated children will ever be numerous.

For example, Lopez Vela said the first application would involve the adoption of a girl by the lesbian partner of the child's biological mother.

Justices who sided with the majority stressed that potential adoptive parents, gay or straight, are checked for suitability as part of the adoption process.

"It is not a question of sexuality that determines whether a person is qualified or not to adopt," said Justice Margarita Luna.

The Roman Catholic Church heatedly opposed the law, and the court voted unanimously Monday to condemn comments by Cardinal Juan Sandoval, the archbishop of Guadalajara, who suggested over the weekend that justices may have been paid off by the Mexico City government to favor the law.

Mexico City's law was the first of its type in Latin America when it was enacted.

Argentina became the first country in the region to permit gay marriage in July, when President Cristina Fernandez signed legislation declaring that wedded gay and lesbian couples have all the same legal rights and responsibilities as heterosexual couples, including the right to inheritance and to jointly adopt children.


 

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